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Title: Demographic profile of Bororo Indians from Mato Grosso State, Brazil, 1993-1996
Authors: Souza, Luciene Guimaraes de
Pagliaro, Heloisa [UNIFESP]
Santos, Ricardo Ventura
Escola Nacl Saude Publ Sergio Arouca
Fundacao Nacl Saude
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
Keywords: Demography
South American Indians
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2009
Publisher: Cadernos Saude Publica
Citation: Cadernos De Saude Publica. Rio de Janeiro: Cadernos Saude Publica, v. 25, n. 2, p. 328-336, 2009.
Abstract: This paper analyzes the demographic profile of the Bororo Indians from Mato Grosso State, Brazil, from 1993 to 1996. Data came from annual collection and registration of vital statistics conducted by the health service in three villages (Garcas, Meruri, and Morada dos Bororo). The average annual population growth rate was 2.4%. Nearly half (44%) of the population was younger than 15 years (median 16 years). The crude birth rate was 30.9 per 1,000 and the crude death rate 7.3 per 1,000 inhabitants. The infant mortality rate was high (58.8 per thousand live births), probably resulting from precarious health conditions in the villages. The results showed that women married younger than men and that there were numerous unmarried adult men (26.7%) and women (13.3%), as compared to data from other indigenous groups. The total fertility rate of Bororo women was 4.3, quite low compared to other indigenous communities in Brazil. The study emphasizes the importance of systematically collecting and analyzing demographic data on indigenous populations.
ISSN: 0102-311X
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