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Title: HeLa-cell adherence patterns and actin aggregation of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Shiga-toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) strains carrying different eae and tir alleles
Authors: Mora, Azucena [UNIFESP]
Blanco, Miguel
Yamamoto, Denise [UNIFESP]
Dahbi, Ghizlane
Blanco, Jesus E.
Lopez, Cecilia
Alonso, Maria P.
Vieira, Monica A. M. [UNIFESP]
Hernandes, Rodrigo T. [UNIFESP]
Abe, Cecilia Mari [UNIFESP]
Piazza, Roxane M. F.
Lacher, David W.
Elias Junior, Waldir Pereira [UNIFESP]
Gomes, Tania Aparecida Tardelli [UNIFESP]
Blanco, Jorge
Univ Santiago de Compostela
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Butantan Inst
Calde Xeral Hosp
Keywords: enteropathogenic E. coli
Shiga-toxin-producing E. coli
HeLa-cell adherence
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2009
Publisher: Viguera Editores, S L
Citation: International Microbiology. Barcelona: Viguera Editores, S L, v. 12, n. 4, p. 243-251, 2009.
Abstract: A collection of 69 eae-positive strains expressing 29 different intimin types and eight fir alleles was characterized with respect to their adherence patterns to HeLa cells, ability to promote actin accumulation in vitro, the presence of bfpA alleles in positive strains, and bundle-forming pilus (BFP) expression. All of the nine typical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (tEPEC) studied harbored the enteropathogenic E. coli adherence factor (EAF) plasmid, as shown by PCR and/or EAF probe results. in addition, they were positive for bfpA, as shown by PCR, and BFP expression, as confirmed by immunofluorescence (IFL) and/or immunoblotting (IBL) assays. Localized adherence (LA) was exclusively displayed by those nine tEPEC, while localized-adherence-like (LAL) was the most frequent pattern among atypical EPEC (aEPEC) and Shiga-toxin-producing E. coli (STEC). All LA and LAL strains were able to cause attaching and effacing (AE) lesions, as established by means of the FAS test. There was a significant association between the presence of tir allele alpha 1 and bfpA-positive strains, and consequently, with the LA pattern. However, intimin type or bfpA was not associated with the adherence pattern displayed in HeLa cells. Among the eight bfpA alleles detected, a new type (beta 10; accession number FN391178) was identified in a strain of serotype O157:H45, and a truncated variant (beta 3.2-t; accession number FN 39118 1) in four strains belonging to different pathotypes. [Int Microbiol 2009; 12(4):243-251]
ISSN: 1139-6709
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