Quality of life in patients with chronic kidney disease

Quality of life in patients with chronic kidney disease

Author Cruz, Maria Carolina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Andrade, Carolina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Urrutia, Milton Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Draibe, Sergio Antonio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nogueira-Martins, Luiz Antonio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sesso, Ricardo de Castro Cintra Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract AIM: To compare the dimensions of quality of life in the stages of chronic kidney disease and the influence of sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory data. INTRODUCTION: The information available on the quality of life of patients on conservative treatment and the relationship between the quality of life and glomerular filtration rate is limited. METHODS: 155 patients in stages 1-5 of chronic kidney disease and 36 in hemodialysis were studied. Quality of life was rated by the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36-Item (SF-36) and functional status by the Karnofsky Performance Scale. Clinical, laboratory and sociodemographic variables were investigated. RESULTS: Quality of life decreased in all stages of kidney disease. A reduction in physical functioning, physical role functioning and in the physical component summary was observed progressively in the different stages of kidney disease. Individuals with higher educational level who were professionally active displayed higher physical component summary values, whereas men and those with a higher income presented better mental component summary values. Older patients performed worse on the physical component summary and better on the mental component summary. Hemoglobin levels correlated with higher physical component summary values and the Karnofsky scale. Three or more comorbidities had an impact on the physical dimension. CONCLUSION: Quality of life is decreased in renal patients in the early stages of disease. No association was detected between the stages of the disease and the quality of life. It was possible to establish sociodemographic, clinical and laboratory risk factors for a worse quality of life in this population.
Keywords Predialysis
Hemodialysis
SF-36
Chronic kidney insufficiency
Mental health
Language English
Sponsor Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Date 2011-01-01
Published in Clinics. Faculdade de Medicina / USP, v. 66, n. 6, p. 991-995, 2011.
ISSN 1807-5932 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Extent 991-995
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1807-59322011000600012
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000293410000012
SciELO ID S1807-59322011000600012 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/6153

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