Changes in HDL-c concentrations after 16 weeks of combined training in postmenopausal women: characteristics of positive and negative responders

Changes in HDL-c concentrations after 16 weeks of combined training in postmenopausal women: characteristics of positive and negative responders

Author Diniz, Tiego A. Google Scholar
Rossi, Fabricio E. Google Scholar
Souza Fortaleza, Ana Claudia Google Scholar
Neves, Lucas Melo Google Scholar
Destro Christofaro, Diego Giulliano Google Scholar
Buonani, Camila Google Scholar
Lira, Fabio S. Google Scholar
Campos, Eduardo Zapaterra Google Scholar
do Prado, Wagner Luiz Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Freitas, Ismael Forte, Jr. Google Scholar
Abstract This study aimed to investigate the individual characteristics of body composition and metabolic profile that could explain interindividual variation in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) concentrations in response to 16 weeks of combined strength plus aerobic (combined) training in postmenopausal women. The participants were divided into tertiles based on percentage of changes in HDL-c concentrations after combined training. Only women in the upper tertile (positive responders: Delta > 10.4%

n = 19) and lower tertile (negative responders: Delta < -1.4%

n = 19) were considered for analyses. The total body fat (BF), trunk fat (TF), android fat (AF), gynoid fat, and lean body mass were estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The metabolic profile-glucose, triacylglycerol, total cholesterol, HDL-c, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-were assessed. After 16 weeks, both positive and negative responders presented similar improvement in body composition, such as a decrease in percentage and kilograms of BF, TF, and AF, and increase in lean body mass (p value for time < 0.05). As expected, there was an effect of time and also a significant interaction (time vs. group) (p value < 0.001) in the improvement of HDL-c, with higher values for positive responders. Regarding metabolic profile, there were significant interactions (time vs. group) for triacylglycerol (p value = 0.032) and VLDL (p value = 0.027) concentrations, with lower values for positive responders. Our results suggests there is heterogeneity in combined training-induced HDL-c changes in postmenopausal women, and the positive responders were those who presented more pronounced decreases in triacylglycerol and VLDL concentrations.
Keywords aerobic exercise
strength training
body composition
lipid metabolism
high-density lipoprotein
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Ottawa
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Applied Physiology Nutrition And Metabolism. Ottawa, v. 43, n. 1, p. 38-44, 2018.
ISSN 1715-5312 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Canadian Science Publishing, Nrc Research Press
Extent 38-44
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000419145600005

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