Racial stereotypes impair flexibility of emotional learning

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dc.contributor.author Dunsmoor, Joseph E.
dc.contributor.author Kubota, Jennifer T.
dc.contributor.author Li, Jian
dc.contributor.author Coelho, Cesar A. O. [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Phelps, Elizabeth A.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-22T15:46:46Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-22T15:46:46Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsw053
dc.identifier.citation Social Cognitive And Affective Neuroscience. Oxford, v. 11, n. 9, p. 1363-1373, 2016.
dc.identifier.issn 1749-5016
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/51075
dc.description.abstract Flexibility of associative learning can be revealed by establishing and then reversing cue-outcome discriminations. Here, we used functional MRI to examine whether neurobehavioral correlates of reversal-learning are impaired in White and Asian volunteers when initial learning involves fear-conditioning to a racial out-group. For one group, the picture of a Black male was initially paired with shock (threat) and a White male was unpaired (safe). For another group, the White male was a threat and the Black male was safe. These associations reversed midway through the task. Both groups initially discriminated threat from safety, as expressed through skin conductance responses (SCR) and activity in the insula, thalamus, midbrain and striatum. After reversal, the group initially conditioned to a Black male exhibited impaired reversal of SCRs to the new threat stimulus (White male), and impaired reversals in the striatum, anterior cingulate cortex, midbrain and thalamus. In contrast, the group initially conditioned to a White male showed successful reversal of SCRs and successful reversal in these brain regions toward the new threat. These findings provide new evidence that an aversive experience with a racial out-group member impairs the ability to flexibly and appropriately adjust fear expression towards a new threat in the environment. en
dc.description.sponsorship NIH [RO1 MH097085]
dc.description.sponsorship NIMH [K99MH106719]
dc.description.sponsorship National Natural Science Foundation of China [31322022]
dc.description.sponsorship BEPE FAPESP [2013/10907-3]
dc.format.extent 1363-1373
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Oxford Univ Press
dc.rights Acesso restrito
dc.subject Pavlovian fear conditioning en
dc.subject associative learning en
dc.subject racial attitudes and relations en
dc.subject stereotyping and prejudice en
dc.subject extinction en
dc.title Racial stereotypes impair flexibility of emotional learning en
dc.type Artigo
dc.description.affiliation NYU, Dept Psychol, 6 Washington Pl,Room 890, New York, NY 10003 USA
dc.description.affiliation NYU, Ctr Neural Sci, New York, NY 10003 USA
dc.description.affiliation Univ Chicago, Dept Psychol, 5848 S Univ Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 USA
dc.description.affiliation Univ Chicago, Ctr Study Race Polit & Culture, Chicago, IL 60637 USA
dc.description.affiliation Peking Univ, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
dc.description.affiliation Peking Univ, Beijing Key Lab Behav & Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
dc.description.affiliation Peking Univ, PKU IDG McGovern Inst Brain Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psicobiol, BR-04023062 Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Nathan S Kline Inst Psychiat Res, Emot Brain Inst, Orangeburg, NY 10962 USA
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psicobiol, BR-04023062 Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.sponsorshipID NIH:RO1 MH097085
dc.description.sponsorshipID NIMH:K99MH106719
dc.description.sponsorshipID NSFC:31322022
dc.description.sponsorshipID FAPESP:2013/10907-3
dc.identifier.doi 10.1093/scan/nsw053
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000383727400003



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