Heart failure impairs muscle blood flow and endurance exercise tolerance in copd

Heart failure impairs muscle blood flow and endurance exercise tolerance in copd

Author Oliveira, Mayron F. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Arbex, Flavio F. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Alencar, Maria Clara Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Souza, Aline Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sperandio, Priscila A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Medeiros, Wladimir M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mazzuco, Adriana Google Scholar
Borghi-Silva, Audrey Google Scholar
Medina, Luiz A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Santos, Rita Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Hirai, Daniel M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mancuso, Frederico Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Almeida, Dirceu Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
O'Donnell, Denis E. Google Scholar
Neder, J. Alberto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Heart failure, a prevalent and disabling co-morbidity of COPD, may impair cardiac output and muscle blood flow thereby contributing to exercise intolerance. To investigate the role of impaired central and peripheral hemodynamics in limiting exercise tolerance in COPD-heart failure overlap, cycle ergometer exercise tests at 20% and 80% peak work rate were performed by overlap (FEV1 = 56.9 +/- 15.9% predicted, ejection fraction = 32.5 +/- 6.9%

N = 16), FEV1-matched COPD (N = 16), ejection fraction-matched heart failure patients (N = 15) and controls (N = 12). Differences () in cardiac output (impedance cardiography) and vastus lateralis blood flow (indocyanine green) and deoxygenation (near-infrared spectroscopy) between work rates were expressed relative to concurrent changes in muscle metabolic demands (O-2 uptake). Overlap patients had approximately 30% lower endurance exercise tolerance than COPD and heart failure (p < 0.05). Blood flow was closely proportional to cardiac output in all groups (r = 0.89-0.98

p < 0.01). Overlap showed the largest impairments in cardiac output/O-2 uptake and blood flow/O-2 uptake (p < 0.05). Systemic arterial oxygenation, however, was preserved in overlap compared to COPD. Blunted limb perfusion was related to greater muscle deoxygenation and lactate concentration in overlap (r = 0.78 and r = 0.73, respectively

p < 0.05). Blood flow/O-2 uptake was related to time to exercise intolerance only in overlap and heart failure (p < 0.01). In conclusion, COPD and heart failure add to decrease exercising cardiac output and skeletal muscle perfusion to a greater extent than that expected by heart failure alone. Treatment strategies that increase muscle O-2 delivery and/or decrease O-2 demand may be particularly helpful to improve exercise tolerance in COPD patients presenting heart failure as co-morbidity.
Keywords Blood Flow
Chronic Heart Failure
Skeletal MuscleObstructive Pulmonary-Disease
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
Heavy-Intensity Exercise
Oxygen Delivery
Noninvasive Measurement
Indocyanine Green
Severe Emphysema
O-2 Delivery
Language English
Sponsor FAPESP (Sao Paulo State Research Agency, Brazil)
Canadian Foundation for Innovation-Leaders Operating Fund
Date 2016
Published in Copd-Journal Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Philadelphia, v. 13, n. 4, p. 407-415, 2016.
ISSN 1541-2555 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Hospital Clinicas, Univ Sao Paulo
Extent 407-415
Origin https://doi.org/10.3109/15412555.2015.1117435
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000381019000001
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/49436

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