Pressure Ulcer Risk Factors Among the Elderly Living in Long-term Institutions

Pressure Ulcer Risk Factors Among the Elderly Living in Long-term Institutions

Autor Ferreira Chacon, Julieta Maria Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nagaoka, Caroline Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Blanes, Leila Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ferreira, Lydia Masako Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Although many intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors are involved, pressure is the most important factor in the development of Pressure, ulcers The elderly are more susceptible to the development of these skin lesions as a result of changes associated with the aging process The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for pressure ulcers in the elderly living in long-term institutions. Methods An analytic cross-sectional study of 40 patients age 60 years and older with pressure ulcers was conducted in six long-term institutions for the elderly (LTIE) in the West Side of Sao Paulo, Brazil. The present study evaluates pressure ulcers and their associated risk factors. Statistical analysis was performed using Pearson's chi-square test, Students t-test, and Fisher's exact test. Results. A statistically significant association between the risk factors evaluated in this study and the development of pressure ulcers in the sample was not found According to the Braden scale, 67.5% of the patients were at high risk for pressure ulcer development Fifty-one pressure ulcers were detected, with the majority (56.2%) being located in the sacral region In the present study, more than 50% of the patients had low sensory perception, mobility, nutrition, and friction and shear subscales scores. The most prevalent risk factors were advanced age (mean, 83 8 years), length of stay that exceeded 31 months, white skin, neuromotor and skeletal muscle disorders, urinary and fecal incontinence, and continuous use of sedatives, analgesics, and hypotensives. Conclusion. The knowledge of risk factors is essential for healthcare professionals in planning effective prevention programs that target the elderly living in LTIE.
Idioma Inglês
Data 2010-04-01
Publicado em Wounds-a Compendium Of Clinical Research And Practice. Malvern: H M P Communications, v. 22, n. 4, p. 106-113, 2010.
ISSN 1044-7946 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor H M P Communications
Extensão 106-113
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000276961400006

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