Alcohol and violence in the emergency department: a regional report from the WHO collaborative study on alcohol and injuries

Alcohol and violence in the emergency department: a regional report from the WHO collaborative study on alcohol and injuries

Alternative title Consumo de alcohol y violencia en los servicios de urgenciaresultados regionales del Estudio Colaborativo de Alcohol y Accidentes de la Organización Mundial de la Salud
Author Borges, Guilherme Google Scholar
Orozco, Ricardo Google Scholar
Cremonte, Mariana Google Scholar
Buzi-Figlie, Neliana Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Cherpitel, Cheryl Google Scholar
Poznyak, Vladimir Google Scholar
Institution Inst Nacl Psiquiatria
Univ Autonoma Metropolitana
Univ Nacl Mar del Plata
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Inst Publ Hlth
WHO
Abstract Objective. To determine the relative risk (RR) of non-fatal unintentional and violence-related injury associated with alcohol consumption in three emergency departments in Latin America (2001-2002). Material and Methods. Pair-matched case-crossover was used to obtain RR estimates for alcohol in non-fatal injuries among 447 patients in Argentina (A), 489 in Brazil (B) and 455 in Mexico (M). Intentional (violence) or unintentional (non-violence) injury status were the main outcomes Results. About 46% of violence-related cases involved alcohol (versus 11.5% for non-violence related cases). The risk of violence-related injury increased with drinking and had an OR = 15.0 (95% confidence interval (CI), 5.8-39.1), with an OR = 4.2 (CI = 2.7-6.5) for unintentional injuries. Conclusions. Increasing amounts of drinking may have pronounced consequences on the risk of triggering an injury, especially for a violence-related injury. The RR estimates provided here can be useful for new estimates on alcohol and the burden of disease.
Keywords alcohol intoxication
epidemiology
methods
Latin America
emergency service
Language English
Date 2008-01-01
Published in Salud Publica De Mexico. Cuernavaca: Inst Nacional Salud Publica, v. 50, p. S6-S11, 2008.
ISSN 0036-3634 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Inst Nacional Salud Publica
Extent S6-S11
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0036-36342008000700003
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000255972400003
SciELO ID S0036-36342008000700003 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/45539

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