Lesions in Shotokan Karate and Jiu-Jitsu - Direct Trauma Versus Indirect

Lesions in Shotokan Karate and Jiu-Jitsu - Direct Trauma Versus Indirect

Title: Lesions in Shotokan Karate and Jiu-Jitsu - Direct Trauma Versus Indirect;
Lesões no Karate Shotokan e no Jiu-Jitsu: trauma direto versus indireto
Author Souza, Jose Mario Couto de Google Scholar
Faim, Flavio Tomazelli Google Scholar
Nakashima, Ines Yoshie Google Scholar
Altruda, Carla Regina Google Scholar
Medeiros, Wladimir Musetti Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Silva, Leandro Reis da Google Scholar
Institution Univ Santo Amaro
Cemare
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Introduction: Karate and Jiu-Jitsu are martial arts sharing a common origin but showing distinct movement biomechanics. The main features of Shotokan Karate are the impact blows, whereas Jiu-Jitsu utilizes projections, strangulations, torsions and immobilizations. These differences can provoke different sites of lesion. Objective: To verify the frequency of lesions in Karate and Jiu-Jitsu and confront their respective lesions between the two studied groups. Methods: Ninety-four athletes from three different competitive levels (international, national and state) were transversally evaluated through an open-closed-question questionnaire. Data regarding starting age and period of training were also assessed. The T-Student test and Chi-Square test were applied for the group comparison. Statistically significant differences were considered when p < 0,05. Results: 148 lesions were reported from a sample of 53 karate players, and 160 lesions from 41 Jiu-Jitsu athletes. The most frequency site of lesion in karate was the hands and fingers (15.5%) and, in Jiu-Jitsu, the knees (16.3%). The places which presented significant differences between the two groups were: legs (p=0.042), mouth and teeth (p=0,028), neck (p=0,038), shoulder (p=0,000), elbow (p=0,001), and ear (p=0,000). Conclusion: Karate and Jiu-Jitsu show differences as regards frequency and incidence of lesion sites. These findings contribute to the elaboration of specific preventive and therapeutic measures for each sport.
Keywords lesion
martial arts
sport
rehabilitation
Language English
Date 2011-03-01
Published in Revista Brasileira De Medicina Do Esporte. Sao Paulo Sp: Soc Brasileira Med Esporte, v. 17, n. 2, p. 107-110, 2011.
ISSN 1517-8692 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Soc Brasileira Med Esporte
Extent 107-110
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922011000200007
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000291891700007
SciELO ID S1517-86922011000200007 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/45259

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