Effects of Low Doses of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on the Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder of Children: A Systematic Review

Effects of Low Doses of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on the Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder of Children: A Systematic Review

Author Grassmann, Viviane Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Santos-Galduroz, Ruth Ferreira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal do ABC (UFABC)
Univ Estadual Paulista
Abstract Since attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) presents high prevalence among children, science has been researching alternative forms of treatment that do not involve medication. Objective: To evaluate the effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Methods: We reviewed the articles published between 1980 and 2012 indexed in the databases PubMed, APA psychNET, Scopus and Web of Knowledge. Results: Initially 231 articles were selected, out of which 12 met the inclusion criteria. The articles selected reported a modest cognitive and behavioral improvement of the patients after treatment with low doses of PUFAs. Those results might be associated with the evaluation methodology, the doses of PUFAs administered or the duration of treatment.
Keywords Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder; behavior
children
cognition
dietary supplements and polyunsaturated fatty acids
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
AFIP
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Grant number FAPESP: 2011/08387-6
Date 2013-03-01
Published in Current Neuropharmacology. Sharjah: Bentham Science Publ Ltd, v. 11, n. 2, p. 186-196, 2013.
ISSN 1570-159X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Bentham Science Publ Ltd
Extent 186-196
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1570159X11311020005
Access rights Closed access
Type Review
Web of Science ID WOS:000317845300005
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/43456

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