Obesity and undernutrition in a very-low-income population in the city of Maceio, northeastern Brazil

Obesity and undernutrition in a very-low-income population in the city of Maceio, northeastern Brazil

Author Florencio, TMDT Google Scholar
Ferreira, H. D. Google Scholar
Franca, APT de Google Scholar
Cavalcante, J. C. Google Scholar
Sawaya, Ana Lydia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Univ Fed Alagoas
Fdn Nacl Saude MS
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Obesity is the nutritional disorder which has shown the greatest increase in prevalence, even in those countries in which deficiency diseases represent a severe public health problem. The goal of the present study was to analyse the anthropometric profile of a community living in the outskirts of Maceio, capital of Alagoas (northeastern Brazil), and to investigate the hypothesis of a coexistence of undernutrition and obesity in a very low-income population. The survey was conducted on 315 families (1247 individuals). Among the children (aged l10 years), the prevalence of wasting, stunting and wasting plus stunting was 3.8, 8.3 and 8.7 % respectively. Wasting (10.2 %) was the most prevalent form of undernutrition among adolescents; nonetheless, a higher frequency of stunting (11 %) and overweight-obesity (5.5 %) was seen specifically in girls, in agreement with trends found in other studies. Adults exhibited a high prevalence of overweight-obesity (25 %), but stunting was also present (22 %). Of the stunted individuals, 30 % were overweight-obese and 16.3 % were underweight. There were eighty-six families with at least one parent who was underweight (27 %) and 104 families with at least one parent who was overweight (33 %). Underweight and overweight-obesity were both present in ninety-six households (30 %). These results may indicate that better living conditions in urban areas in a population 'adapted' to chronic famine might increase the susceptibility to obesity. Considering the harm caused by the cumulative effect of these two conditions (undernutrition in childhood and obesity in adult life) there is a clear need for new studies to uncover the determinant factors so that preventive measures can be implemented.
Keywords nutritional transition
obesity
undernutrition
Brazil
Language English
Date 2001-08-01
Published in British Journal Of Nutrition. Wallingford: C A B I Publishing, v. 86, n. 2, p. 277-283, 2001.
ISSN 0007-1145 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher C A B I Publishing
Extent 277-283
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN2001396
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000170537100022
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/43169

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