Experimental histopathological study on retinal and renal cellular response to intravitreous antiangiogenic drugs

Experimental histopathological study on retinal and renal cellular response to intravitreous antiangiogenic drugs

Author Fortes Filho, João Borges Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Maia, Maurício Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tartarella, Marcia Beatriz Google Scholar
Meyer, Fabiola Schons Google Scholar
Borges Fortes, Barbara Gastal Google Scholar
Kliemann, Lucia Maria Google Scholar
Institution Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul
Hosp Clin Porto Alegre
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract AIM: To evaluate histopathological retinal and renal response after one single dose of intravitreous injection of antiangiogenic drugs ranibizumab and bevacizumab in rats.METHODS: Experimental study in 60d of life adults Wistar rats. Ten animals were included. Group 1 included 5 animals that were injected with 1 mu L ranibizumab 1.25 mg in the right eye and with 1 mu L of balanced salt solution (BSS) in the left eye, as control; Group 2 included 5 animals that were injected with 1 mu L of bevacizumab in the right eye and with 1 mu L of BSS in the fellow eye. All injections were performed with Hamilton syringes. After 15d of the interventions, all animals were sacrificed in CO2 chamber. Both eyes were enucleated and one kidney was removed, fixed and embedded in paraffin for histopathological analysis by optic microscopy. for statistical purposes the initial expected abnormal histopathological responses were defined as 0%.RESULTS: Atypical histopathological retinal response was detected in 2 eyes injected with ranibizumab (40%) as well as in 2 control eyes in group 1. Same was detected in 1 eye injected with bevacizumab (20%) as well as in 1 control eye, in group 2. the noted atypical findings were lymphocytes and eosinophils in the vitreous posterior cavity and mild retinal inflammatory reaction with ganglion cell layer edema but without clinical significance. No atypical histopathological renal response was detected.CONCLUSION: Unexpected atypical histopathological retinal response without clinical significance was observed in 3 eyes injected with antiangiogenic drugs (2 in group 1 and 1 in group 2) as well as in 3 control eyes (2 in group 1 and 1 in group 2). No atypical renal response was detected suggesting no extra ocular involvement of the intravitreous injected antiangiogenic drugs.
Keywords antiangiogenic drugs
ranibizumab
bevacizumab
therapy
oxygen induced retinopathy
retinopathy of prematurity
Language English
Date 2014-06-18
Published in International Journal of Ophthalmology. Xi An: Ijo Press, v. 7, n. 3, p. 437-440, 2014.
ISSN 2222-3959 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Ijo Press
Extent 437-440
Origin http://www.ijo.cn/en_publish/2014/3/20140309.pdf
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000337658400009
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/37877

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