Effects of clonidine in the isolated rat testicular capsule

Effects of clonidine in the isolated rat testicular capsule

Author Silva Junior, Edilson Dantas da Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Souza, Bruno Palmieri de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Rodrigues, Juliano Quintella Dantas Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Caricati-Neto, Afonso Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Jurkiewicz, Aron Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Jurkiewicz, Neide Hyppolito Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract The testicular capsule contracts in response to noradrenaline and adrenaline, but the effects of adrenoceptor agonists, as for instance clonidine, had not yet been thoroughly evaluated. the testicular capsule from adult male Wistar rats was isolated and mounted in organ bath and cumulative concentration curves were performed for clonidine and other adrenergic agonists in the absence or presence of alpha-adrenoceptors antagonists. the order of potency for agonists (pD(2)) was clonidine =adrenaline > UK 14,304 > noradrenaline > phenylephrine > methoxamine. the consecutive curves for clonidine showed desensitization with 3-fold rightward shift and E-max reduction of 40%. the noradrenaline curves were 4.5, 19 and 190-fold less potent after clonidine pretreatment at 10(-5),10(-4) or 10(-3) M for 10 min, respectively, added to E-max decrease by about 20%. Clonidine (10-5 M for 10 min) was unable to alter the not adrenaline curves if the treatment was made in the presence of idazoxan (alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist) whereas prazosin (alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist) was ineffective. the effect of idazoxan 3 x 10(-7) M on noradrenaline curves was decreased by 50% after clonidine pretreatment, as reflected by the concentration ratio of 5.2 +/- 1.2 (treated tissue) and 10.1 +/- 1.0 (untreated tissue). However, the concentration ratio for prazosin 3 x 10(-3) M was unchanged. After phenoxybenzamine (irreversible antagonist of alpha(1)-adrenoceptor) pretreatment, the residual noradrenaline contraction was antagonized by idazoxan or prazosin with pK(B) values of 7.8 and 5.1, respectively. the results indicate the presence of alpha(2)-adrenoceptors in testicular capsule. Furthermore, these receptors may be desensitized by clonidine, causing a decreased potency of noradrenaline. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Keywords Clonidine
Rat testicular capsule
Desensitization
alpha(2)-Adrenoceptors
Language English
Sponsor Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Date 2014-03-05
Published in European Journal of Pharmacology. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 726, p. 16-26, 2014.
ISSN 0014-2999 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 16-26
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2014.01.027
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000331707100003
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/37542

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