Facial nerve grafting and end-to-end anastomosis in the middle ear - tympanic cavity and mastoid

Facial nerve grafting and end-to-end anastomosis in the middle ear - tympanic cavity and mastoid

Alternative title Enxertos e anastomoses do nervo facial na orelha média - caixa do tímpano e mastoide
Author Cruz Filho, Nelson Alvares Google Scholar
Aquino, Jose Evandro Andrade Prudente de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Oliveira, Luis Francisco de Google Scholar
Institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Beneficiencia Portuguesa Hosp
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Sectioned facial nerves can be repaired with grafting or end-to-end anastomosis.Objective: To discuss these repair procedures and what can be expected of them.Method: Seven patients with sectioned facial nerves were included in the study. Four underwent grafting and three were offered end-to-end anastomosis. Facial nerve palsy was iatrogenic in five patients and was caused by bullet wounds in two. Assessment of motor function recovery was based on Janssen's scale.Results: Mean motor recovery was rated at 72.5% for subjects offered grafting and 73.3% for patients submitted to anastomosis.Conclusion: 1. Grafting and anastomosis are proper solutions to repair sectioned facial nerves; complete recovery is never attained; synkinesis may occur. 2. in principle anastomosis is the procedure of choice, but when there is minimal traction in the facial nerve stump grafting is preferred. 3. Both procedures yielded mean motor recovery rates above 70% (72.5% for grafting and 73.3% for anastomosis).
Keywords anastomosis, surgical
ear, middle
facial nerve
Language English
Date 2013-07-01
Published in Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. São Paulo: Assoc Brasileira Otorrinolaringologia & Cirurgia Cervicofacial, v. 79, n. 4, p. 441-445, 2013.
ISSN 1808-8694 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Assoc Brasileira Otorrinolaringologia & Cirurgia Cervicofacial
Extent 441-445
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/1808-8694.20130079
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000323297600008
SciELO ID S1808-86942013000400008 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36465

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