Importance of exercise immunology in health promotion

Importance of exercise immunology in health promotion

Author Rosa Neto, J. C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lira, F. S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, M. T. de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Santos, Ronaldo Vagner T. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Abstract Chronic physical exercise with adequate intensity and volume associated with sufficient recovery promotes adaptations in several physiological systems. While intense and exhaustive exercise is considered an important immunosuppressor agent and increases the incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), moderate regular exercise has been associated with significant disease protection and is a complementary treatment of many chronic diseases. the effects of chronic exercise occur because physical training can induce several physiological, biochemical and psychological adaptations. More recently, the effect of acute exercise and training on the immunological system has been discussed, and many studies suggest the importance of the immune system in prevention and partial recovery in pathophysiological situations. Currently, there are two important hypotheses that may explain the effects of exercise and training on the immune system. These hypotheses including (1) the effect of exercise upon hormones and cytokines (2) because exercise can modulate glutamine concentration. in this review, we discuss the hypothesis that exercise may modulate immune functions and the importance of exercise immunology in respect to chronic illnesses, chronic heart failure, malnutrition and inflammation.
Keywords Acute physical exercise
Chronic physical exercise
Moderate training
Glutamine
Inflammation
Immunosuppression
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Grant number FAPESP: 2007/00073-7
Date 2011-11-01
Published in Amino Acids. New York: Springer, v. 41, n. 5, p. 1165-1172, 2011.
ISSN 0939-4451 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Springer
Extent 1165-1172
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00726-010-0786-x
Access rights Closed access
Type Review
Web of Science ID WOS:000296469100016
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/34183

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