Importance of exercise immunology in health promotion

Importance of exercise immunology in health promotion

Autor Rosa Neto, J. C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lira, F. S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, M. T. de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Santos, Ronaldo Vagner T. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Resumo Chronic physical exercise with adequate intensity and volume associated with sufficient recovery promotes adaptations in several physiological systems. While intense and exhaustive exercise is considered an important immunosuppressor agent and increases the incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), moderate regular exercise has been associated with significant disease protection and is a complementary treatment of many chronic diseases. the effects of chronic exercise occur because physical training can induce several physiological, biochemical and psychological adaptations. More recently, the effect of acute exercise and training on the immunological system has been discussed, and many studies suggest the importance of the immune system in prevention and partial recovery in pathophysiological situations. Currently, there are two important hypotheses that may explain the effects of exercise and training on the immune system. These hypotheses including (1) the effect of exercise upon hormones and cytokines (2) because exercise can modulate glutamine concentration. in this review, we discuss the hypothesis that exercise may modulate immune functions and the importance of exercise immunology in respect to chronic illnesses, chronic heart failure, malnutrition and inflammation.
Assunto Acute physical exercise
Chronic physical exercise
Moderate training
Glutamine
Inflammation
Immunosuppression
Idioma Inglês
Financiador Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Número do financiamento FAPESP: 2007/00073-7
Data 2011-11-01
Publicado em Amino Acids. New York: Springer, v. 41, n. 5, p. 1165-1172, 2011.
ISSN 0939-4451 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Springer
Extensão 1165-1172
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00726-010-0786-x
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Resenha
Web of Science WOS:000296469100016
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/34183

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